Online Sports Betting and Gambling in Africa

Gambling and sports betting revenues continue to rise across the African continent year after year despite a troubled global economy. The majority of gambling and sports betting still takes place in the physical realm in Africa, but online betting sites are beginning to penetrate the continent as more people become connected and grow comfortable with online banking.

Land-based casino operators and bookmakers are fearful of the effects online betting will have on their bottom line if legislation isn’t passed to address the issue. In many places, gaming laws are outdated and enforced haphazardly. Reliable information is tough to come by given the informal and cash-based nature that still marks gambling in much of Africa, but we have managed to dig up some interesting information to shed light on the industry and make projections going forward.

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Online betting sites still focus the majority of their attention on wealthier nations in other parts of the world, but some African markets are becoming increasingly attractive. South Africa remains the biggest market thanks to a relatively stable government, higher per capita income and the passage of laws that have paved the way for both land-based and online gambling to flourish. Other countries such as Uganda, Zimbabwe, Nigeria and Kenya have also seen an upward trend in gambling activity.

South Africa

South Africa is the biggest market for gambling in all of Africa with annual gross revenues exceeding R23.9 billion in 2014 and projected to increase to R30.3 billion in 2019, according to a report by PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC). Each of South Africa’s 9 provinces have their own gambling boards that license both land-based and online betting sites. This makes South Africa the only nation to fully address online gambling.

Gambling operators must earn a license from the province in which they are located, while punters are free to join online betting sites based out of any province. Jus a few examples of the bigger licensed sites include Bettingworld.co.za, Interbet.co.za, Sportingbet.co.za and Sportsbet.co.za. The Guateng Gambling Board and Western Cape Gambling & Racing Board seem to be the most popular licensing jurisdictions for online betting sites.

Read more here.


Nigeria

Nigeria is a much, much smaller gambling market than South Africa, but that same PwC report referred to above explains that total revenues have grown by double digit rates in four of the last five years. There are only three licensed land-based casinos in Nigeria that are expected to bring in nearly $70 million in revenues in 2019.

Sports betting is reportedly the biggest gambling sector with Nigerians placing upwards of $4.2 billion in sports bets every year and roughly 30% of everyone between the ages of 18 and 40 placing sports wagers regularly.

Gaming laws in Nigeria are several decades old and make no mention of online betting. There are no major local online gambling companies, but most of the world’s largest betting sites do accept Nigerian customers. The proliferation of internet-connected smartphones has assisted greatly in making online gambling more accessible to Nigerians and as a result, some betting sites are beginning to cater to citizens with Nigeria-friendly deposit methods that work on a cash basis.


Egypt

Online gambling currently occupies a low spot on the totem pole of “things to do” in Egypt amidst the background of political revolution and upheaval. As a predominantly Islamic country, you may find it somewhat surprising that Egypt has a fairly tolerant view of the activity. Egypt does allow brick and mortar casinos, but the law does restrict locals from playing. Casinos in Egypt may only cater to foreigners as a part of the country’s large tourism industry.

As far as online betting goes, the law on that remains unclear. Internet access is widespread in Egypt and people do gamble online, but the legality of doing so is murky at best. What we can tell you for sure is that major betting sites such as Bet365 and William Hill (which are both fairly conservative when it comes to obeying international law) do accept customers from Egypt.


Algeria

Algeria is not a gambling-friendly nation by any stretch. Sharia law reigns supreme in Algeria and that means no gambling of any form is permitted. Brick-and-mortar casinos are prohibited and online betting sites are unwelcome.

Basic information on Algeria’s gaming laws is hard to come by, but it appears as though authorities do not particularly concern themselves with what types of games you play online from the comfort of home. If you do decide to gamble online, it would be best to keep it to yourself. The country also has a history of internet censorship used to block access to websites it considers unlawful or subversive.

Read more here.


Morocco

Morocco takes a favourable stance towards gambling with a handful of brick-and-mortar casinos spread across five major cities. These casinos also allow sports betting. It is estimated that 10% of the population participates in some form of gambling.

No online betting sites operate from within Morocco, but most of the world’s major gambling websites accept Moroccan customers. There are concerns that the recent rise of Islamic leaders may one day result in a repression of gambling, but so far no actions have been taken to restrict access to land-based or online casinos.

Read more here.


Angola

Angola still suffers from the aftereffects of a 27-year civil war that ended in 2002. The country has seen significant economic progress since then, but the economy remains dangerously dependent upon the price of oil. Even so, the practice of gambling remains alive and well. Brick-and-mortar casinos are licensed and regulated by the Games Supervision Institute established by Presidential Decree of 14 October 2014.

The legal status of online gambling remains unclear as no legislation exists to address the issue. As a result, you will find that some betting sites accept Angolans while others do not. For example, William Hill is fine with customers from Angola but Bet365 is not.


Uganda

Gambling is regulated in Uganda by the National Lotteries and Gaming Board, which oversees the industry and issues licenses to brick-and-mortar casinos and sports betting shops. As a developing country, Uganda is poorly situated to effectively oversee the industry or address problem gambling.

Ugandan gaming laws introduced in 1968 and 2013 lay the legal framework for real-world gambling, but leave questions regarding online gambling. World Star Betting Uganda operates 64 betting shops across the country and, more recently, a real money betting website configured to work with feature phones.

The Lotteries and Gaming Bill of 2013 briefly mentions online gambling, but that whole side of the industry is almost completely unregulated. However, most international betting websites do accept customers from Uganda and few seem to even consider applying for any sort of license. The vast majority of bets are placed via a quickly-growing preponderance of mobile phones.


Kenya

Kenya is a gambling-friendly nation with gaming laws dating back to 1966 and even a licensing process for online betting sites. Overall, gambling exists in all forms in Kenya. Sports betting, traditional casino games and poker can be found in all manner of establishments that run the range from luxurious resort casinos catering to tourists to bare-bones establishments nestled in between street shops.

The first online gambling license was issued in 2014 to Royal Kenya Casino. Since online gambling became legal, Kenya’s 13 land-based casinos have reported a slowing in annual growth rates. The Betting Control and Licensing Board oversees all forms of gambling in Kenya.

Foreign gaming websites also accept players from Kenya, but revenue figures for illegal online gambling are completely unknown. However, it seems unlikely that foreign operators are able to compete very well in this unique market. Domestic betting sites are better situated to cater to local preferences and to process deposits/withdrawals.


Zimbabwe

Despite a fragile economic situation, gambling of all types has seen significant growth in Zimbabwe recently. Horse racing betting dominated the gambling industry for the longest time, but locals can now visit betting shops and casinos in most major towns. Most forms of gambling are legal under to the Lotteries and Gaming Act of 1998.

Land based casinos and betting shops are regulated by the Lotteries and Gaming Board and are popular all across Zimbabwe. Online betting isn’t even mentioned in the law and is generally unacknowledged by the government. Internet penetration is still low in Zimbabwe so there just isn’t much appetite for it from consumers. Some online betting sites do accept customers from Zimbabwe, but others actually restrict signups due to difficulties in processing payments and a lack of significant demand.


Zambia

Zambia gambling laws allow the operation of brick-and-mortar casinos provided the operator has a valid license from the Minister. Online gambling remains in a legal grey area as the gaming laws of Zambia are outdated and make no mention of the internet. One could say that online betting is neither legal nor illegal in Zambia.

The Casino (Amendment) Act, 2000 serves as the primary framework for gambling in Zambia. Under the Act, potential operators may apply for five-year licenses. The Minister is granted considerable power to oversee the industry, as well as send inspectors in to casinos at any time to ensure the licensees are playing by the rules.

There is little demand for online gambling in Zambia, but the country is a founding member of the National Gambling Board of South Africa (NGB). The NGB focuses primarily on South Africa, but it does state that member nations (such as Zambia) are free to independently pursue gaming legislation as they see fit.


Sudan

Sudan is not a gambling-friendly nation thanks to the Public Order Law, which is based on Islamic Sharia law. The Public Order Law covers a broad range of activities that are considered illegal. Banned activities include gambling of all forms, alcohol and even going out in “indecent or immoral” dress.

Online gambling is not specifically mentioned in Sudan’s criminal code, but the Public Order Law is vague enough that we can safely assume online betting is also illegal. An internet censorship program is in place to block access to websites the regime considers immoral or anti-government.


Ethiopia

Gambling and sports betting are legal in Ethiopia, but the industry is tightly controlled by the National Lottery Administration. The NLA has the power to issue licenses and oversee a variety of gaming-related activities including card games, billiards, video games and “other games” that are disk or coin operated. However, there are no licensed casinos or betting sites in operation in Ethiopia at this time.

The NLA did issue a license to a company called Dagoo Sports Betting PLC several years back. The company launched in 2013 and even operated an online betting domain at DagooBet.com. That website is now defunct so it seems that Ethiopians do not have any local companies with which to place bets.

The good news is that Ethiopia does not criminalize online betting. If you live in Ethiopia and have access to the internet, companies such as Bet365 are happy to take your business.


Tunisia

Brick-and-mortar casino gambling is legal in Tunisia despite the country’s overwhelmingly Muslim population that has a generally unfavourable view towards gambling. Sports betting is not accepted, although Promosport does offer a limited form of sports wagering online. Apart from that exception, online betting is restricted and betting websites are unable to apply for licenses.

However, many foreign betting websites do accept customers from Tunisia contrary to local gaming laws. The government does not look kindly upon online gambling, but has so far taken no action to block access to gaming websites.


Ghana

Ghana is one of the most gambling-friendly nations in Africa. Rather than attempting to prohibit gambling and sports betting, Ghana monitors the industry and promotes healthy gambling practices in an effort to prevent money laundering, ensure fair games and support the gambling industry.

The Gaming Commission of Ghana oversees and regulates both real-world and online betting. International online betting sites operate in Ghana alongside locally-owned companies that are authorized to take wagers online and in person. MyBet.com and Ghana Dreambet are two particularly well-known companies that offer a combination of online and SMS sports betting.


Libya

Gambling has been illegal in Libya for decades under the rule of Muammar Gaddafi and remains so as the country deals with revolution, violence and social unrest. There are no legal brick-and-mortar casinos, sports betting shops or gambling websites in Libya today and that will probably remain the case for a long time given the country’s tradition of enforcing strict Islamic law.

The acts of gambling and placing sports bets remain illegal in Libya, although laws of any type are only sporadically enforced. With various political groups vying for power to this day, trying to get a straight answer on the legality of anything is practically impossible. Offshore betting sites are accessible from within Libya, but it is unclear if any of the country’s ruling factions make any effort to punish people who places bet online.


Ivory Coast

Gambling and sports betting are both legal in the Ivory Coast with the Loterie National de Côte d’Ivoire (National Lottery of the Ivory Coast) acting as the country’s monopoly gambling provider. One casino operates in Abidjan while a large number of sports betting terminals are located across the country.

The national lottery offers a number of online betting options, but the country has no regulatory framework for independent casino sites or sportsbooks. As such, locals are limited to playing online with the national lottery or visiting gaming sites headquartered out of other countries.


Cameroon

Cameroon has had legal casino gambling and horse racing since 1992. Horse racing betting is especially popular in Cameroon thanks in part to a large number of betting kiosks operated by Pari Mutuel Urbain Camerounais (PMUC). Several land-based casinos have also been in operation in Cameroon since the early 1990s.

Online betting is completely unregulated at the moment in Cameroon. Current laws do not address the issue of internet gaming at all, but locals have no problem visiting offshore websites to bet on sports and horse races, try their luck with casino games and to play real money poker. The biggest hurdle in betting online in Cameroon is not the law; it is simply having internet access. Most estimates put internet penetration in-country somewhere in the range of 5-7%.


Democratic Republic of Congo

The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) has legal casino gambling and a national lottery. In fact, it is fairly easy for anyone interested in starting a casino to apply for a license and enter the gambling business. The Congolaise de Gestion de Loterie S.A. (COGELO) manages the national lottery, but it struggles to stay alive even as the country’s only official lottery provider.

DRC laws do not address online betting and that will probably remain the case for quite some time. Internet penetration in the country is around 1% and the market for online gambling is limited. The few people who do have access to the internet must turn to foreign betting websites to play real money games online.


Botswana

Real world and online gambling are well-regulated in Botswana. There are 10 brick-and-mortar casinos in operation today that offer a full selection of traditional casino games. The Botswana Gambling Authority oversees all forms of gambling to include casino gambling, sports betting, bingo, pools betting, racing betting and lotteries.

Updates to the law in 2016 further strengthened the government’s ability to monitor gambling and created a licensing framework for all types of betting. Online gambling operators may also apply for licenses. The 2016 regulations also improved the government’s ability to detect and deal with money laundering, fraud and problem gambling.


Senegal

Senegal is a fairly gambling-friendly nation with a handful of casinos, a national lottery and numerous betting shops where customers can place wagers in person. In addition to managing lottery drawings, the Senegal National Lottery (LONASE) also controls horse racing betting in tandem with Pari Mutuel Urbain.

LONASE is partnered with SENEJEUX to offer virtual horse racing, football and greyhound racing in person at retail betting shops and online. The online aspect has yet to go live, but locals are free to visit foreign betting websites to place real money wagers.


Madagascar

Betting in Madagascar is limited to three resort-casinos and not much else. In 2011, gaming technology firm GTECH was approved to manage an online lottery for Madagascar, but nothing came of that. GTECH was later acquired by IGT and no longer appears to have an interest in Madagascar.

Online gambling currently occupies a place of low priority in Madagascar. Current gaming laws do not appear to criminalize the act of placing bets online, but they also do not provide any means by which a local company could set up shop and offer legal online betting. The good news for players is that it appears (based on our understanding of the law) that it is perfectly legal to place bets with gaming sites licensed in other countries.


Gabon

Reliable information on gambling in Gabon is hard to come by. One government website dealing with tax issues does mention horse racing, gambling casinos, slot machines, lotteries and games of chance as being subject to a tax on gambling. There are several land based casinos as well, but the exact regulations remain unclear.

From what we can tell, it is not a crime to place bets online. There are no local gaming operators, however, so anyone wishing to gamble online will need to visit foreign gambling websites.


Mozambique

Gaming laws passed in 1994 first legalized brick-and-mortar casinos but with restrictive conditions regarding location, minimum required starting capital and a requirement that all casinos be attached to luxury resorts with at least 250 rooms.

In 2009, the President approved amendments to the law that made it significantly less burdensome for operators interested in building land-based casinos. Minimum starting capital requirements were halved, location restrictions were lifted, the requirement that all casinos be attached to 250-room hotels was repealed and online gambling was legalized. We have yet to see any local online betting sites open in Mozambique, but players may visit offshore casino websites to scratch their gambling itch.


Chad

Gambling is not viewed favourably in Muslim-dominated Chad. The penal laws state that “unauthorized” gambling is a crime, but there are no indications that it is possible to organize an “authorized” game of betting. In any case, Chad has enough problems to deal with as it is that there is little desire to participate in any form of real money betting.

The same also applies to online betting. Current laws do not mention internet gambling and there are no locally-owned betting websites in operation today. Chad is a secular nation on paper, but enforcement of the law tends to favour Islamic customs and traditions.


Burkina Faso

The National Lottery of Burkina Faso (Loterie Nationale Burkinabé or LONAB) has exclusive rights to offer real money gambling for citizens. LONBA’s activies include the organization of the national lottery, sale of instant win tickets, betting on horse racing and football matches and offering wagers on virtual sports competitions.

Burkina Faso does not regulate online gambling and there are no licensed betting sites hosted in-country. The law does not appear to criminalize online gambling, but citizens with internet access must visit websites based out of other countries to play online.


Mali

As a primarily Islamic nation, Mali does not tolerate gambling in any form. This includes real world gambling, online gambling, poker, sports betting and lottery-style games. Some travel websites still list a hotel/casino located in Bamako, but all recent information online indicates that this hotel no longer offers gambling.

Online gambling is included by default as a criminal offense according to Islamic law, but it is difficult to tell if this is enforced at all. All indications are that the government has more pressing issues than to hunt down and prosecute the few people who have internet access and place bets online. Some foreign betting sites do accept customers from Mali, but the legal implications of placing bets are murky at best.


Republic of Congo (Congo-Brazzaville)

The Republic of Congo (not to be confused with the Democratic Republic of Congo) suffers such major political, social and economic problems that gambling is a completely unregulated industry. There are no licensed or regulated casinos or betting shops anywhere in the country. This also extends to online gambling, with the law being completely inadequate to regulate online betting sites.

Nothing will stop you from playing online in the Republic of Congo, but you will have to do business with sites headquartered out of other countries.


Equatorial Guinea

Casino-style games are legal in Equatorial Guinea as evidenced by the construction of a handful of land-based casinos. El Barco Casino in Malabo hosts six table games and 44 slot machines. Online gambling is not mentioned in the nation’s laws, so the legality of placing bets online is questionable. In all likelihood, nobody is going to come knocking on your door if you place a few bets online.


Namibia

Both legal and illegal gambling are widespread in Namibia thanks to a law passed in 1994 that legalized gambling and then subsequent attempts to snuff out gambling that only led to a developing black market. Today, legal gambling is limited to a small number of licensed casinos and products offered by the National Lottery.

Online betting sites are unregulated in Namibia, but there are no laws against placing bets online. What that means is you can play online at foreign gambling websites as long as you understand that the Namibian government does not offer any protections. The best way to ensure the safety of your funds is to do business with betting sites based out of reputable licensing jurisdictions such as the UK.


Mauritius

The Gambling Regulatory Authority (GRA) of Mauritius was established in 2007 and now oversees all forms of gambling for the small island-nation. Mauritius takes a friendly approach to gambling with horse racing, totalisators, bookmaking, casino games, poker, pool betting, sweepstakes and lotteries all legal and licensed.

The Gambling Regulatory Act of 2007 does address online gambling and plainly states that it is illegal to offer online gambling without a license. There are no active licensees at this time (likely because there is little interest from potential operators given the small population). The GRA does have the authority to block access to offshore betting sites if it chooses to do so, but the Act does not make it a offense for individual people to visit offshore betting websites.


Guinea (Guinea-Conakry)

Gambling exists in Guinea although it is unregulated and the legality of participating in gambling is questionable. Previously, the 1990 Constitution tasked the Ministry of Economy, Finance and Planning with regulating betting and casino gaming, but that constitution was replaced after the death of General Lansana Conte in 2008.

The new Constitution does not mention gambling and so gambling remains in a legal grey area today. Given Guinea’s struggles with poverty and health, it is no surprise that gambling is not a priority issue. There are no online betting sites based out of Guinea, but if you have internet access, you can visit many offshore gambling websites to play for real money.


Swaziland

Swaziland takes a modern approach to gambling by regulating and licensing both real-world and online gambling. Several brick-and-mortar casinos operate in Swaziland and gambling sites have even received licenses from the government in the past.

At one point, an online betting site called Piggs Peak operated out of Swaziland and earned the majority of its business from South Africans who could access the website online. The Gauteng Gambling Board of South Africa took exception to Piggs Peak’s continued acceptance of South Africans and eventually took them to court (see Piggs Peak vs. Gauteng Gambling Board) over the case.

Piggs Peak was eventually convinced to stop doing business in SA and eventually closed. A new online casino by the same name now operates at PiggsPeak.com, but this one is licensed by the Maltese Gaming Authority (it too does not accept South African players).

Today, people in Swaziland turn to offshore betting sites as there are no longer any licensed online operators in Swaziland.


Togo

The gaming laws of Togo are not published online and information regarding the current state of the industry is nowhere to be found. We do believe gambling exists in some form in Togo as the website of the Hotel Palm Beach in Lomé mentions a “game room” which other travel websites refer to as a casino.

Online gambling is completely unregulated. That is also no surprise given the very low rate of internet access in Togo. Although we are unable to find a complete list of Togo laws online, we believe there is little legal risk if you decide to visit a foreign betting website.


Eritrea

Eritrea’s legal system is supposedly secular in nature, but Islam has a strong influence in guiding how laws are drafted, interpreted and enforced. As an increasingly Islamic country, Eritrea is unlikely to legalize gambling of any type any time soon. There are no casinos, no lottery and no online betting sites to be found in Eritrea.

There is likely a considerable amount of underground gambling but as far as legally sanctioned gambling goes, Eritrea does not have much to offer. The criminal code does not mention gambling, but it would not be a good idea to get caught placing wagers with other people.


Burundi

Gambling is practically nonexistent in Burundi in light of the country’s simmering political-ethnic conflict that has been ongoing since April of 2015. Even before this latest round of violence, Burundi ranked as one of the world’s poorest and hungriest nations. Few locals have money to even bet with in the first place.

The country does have a national lottery, although the status of that lottery in recent years is unknown. The Lydia Ludique Burundi, co-managed by the national lottery and a French businessman, opened in 2001, but the current status of that casino is unknown. There are no licensed online betting sites today in Burundi.


Somalia

Gambling of all types is illegal in Somalia due to the country’s overwhelmingly Muslim population. Brick-and-mortar casinos do not exist and it is an offense to participating in gambling or sports betting for money.

Online betting is similarly prohibited, although the risks of placing wagers at foreign gaming sites are unknowable given the political instability that has long existed in Somalia. Lackadaisical enforcement of laws that are on the books make it unlikely that any form of online betting regulation would be effective in practice, even if Somalia did decide to legalize gambling.


Lesotho

The Casino Order, 1989 legalized brick-and-mortar casinos in Lesotho and has since led to two casino/hotels being licensed to offer real money games for visitors. Underground gambling also exists to some extent as evidenced by the occasional crackdown on illegal gambling operations by police forces.

Online betting sites are not regulated in Lesotho, but gaming sites headquartered in other countries do mostly accept customers from Lesotho. The only things you need are access to the internet and a little money to wager.


The Gambia

The Gambia, Africa’s smallest mainland country, is a tourism hotspot and once-popular destination for gambling and sports betting. A relatively large number of casinos and betting shops once dotted the Gambian landscape, but a presidential decree in 2015 banned all forms of gambling on the grounds of avoiding the social ills that often accompany gambling.

It should also be noted that The Gambian population is 95% Muslim. This could have something to do with the government’s decision to ban gambling. Likewise, online betting sites are forbidden and there is no licensing regime for gambling websites.


Liberia

Liberia is home to a thriving gambling industry comprised of betting shops, a national lottery, casinos and even games of skill. In 2015, President Sirleaf signed into law a new act to establish the National Lottery Authority (NLA). The duties of the NLA include issuing licenses and monitoring licensees for adherence to local gambling laws.

Online betting sites are also able to apply for licenses, but it remains to be seen if anyone will step forward to apply for an online gambling license. People with internet access can still visit offshore betting sites in the meantime. It is somewhat strange to see Liberia, one of the poorest countries in the world, so enthusiastically embrace real money betting. Some are skeptical of the government’s true motivations.


Cape Verde

The island-nation of Cape Verde is one of the most politically stable and economically advanced countries in Africa. A growing tourism sector and relatively high standard of living make Cape Verde an increasingly attractive destination for gambling operators. Three areas in Cape Verde have been designated as gambling zones in which a limited number of casinos may operate.

Online betting made its first inroads into Cape Verde in 2015. That year, Macau Legend Development was given a contract to build a $275 million resort casino on Santiago Island. The contract also granted a subsidiary company of Macau Legend a virtual, nationwide monopoly over online gambling, online sports betting and land-based betting shops.


Djibouti

Although the Djibouti population is predominantly Muslim, some forms of gambling are sanctioned by the government. Gambling laws are difficult to come by online, but numerous travel booking websites note that there are at least two casino/hotels located in the capital city.

Online gambling appears to be unregulated and possibly illegal for locals, but law enforcement is most likely uninterested in prosecuting people for playing games online. However, it would be best to speak to an attorney before betting online if you reside in Djibouti.


Seychelles

Seychelles has long regulated gambling, but the Seychelles Gambling Act of 2014 provided much-needed clarity and paved the way for issuing online betting licenses. Under the act, operators may apply for a casino license, slot machine license or interactive gambling license.

Online sports betting is also legal in Seychelles. Amazon Betting operates a chain of brick-and-mortar betting shops as well as an online betting website located at AmazonBetting.com. The betting shops and website may only be used by locals and tourists who are present on Seychelles territory.


Guinea-Bissau

The economy of Guinea-Bissau is on an upward trajectory, but the country still faces economic issues that place gambling low on the radar. Our search of the country’s legal code yielded not a single mention of gambling, so our educated guess is that the industry is either unregulated or illegal (or both). The simple fact of the matter is that Guinea-Bissau has more pressing priorties at this point in time.

Online betting sites located in other parts of the world accept players from the country, but we cannot advise you at this time whether or not participation in online betting is legal. In all likelihood, police forces are ill-equipped to monitor internet usage and prosecute gamblers even if betting online is considered an offense.


Central African Republic

Central African Republic (CAR) was already one of the poorest nations in the world before it descended into chaos in 2013. Extreme violence resulted in thousands of dead and up to a million displaced. Under these circumstances, it is nearly impossible to provide an accurate report on the current state of gambling.

Some websites mention the existence of several casinos in Bangui, but it is difficult to verify whether or not these casinos actually exist. The country could be on the verge of improving after the election of President Faustin-Archange Touadera in early 2016. He formed a new cabinet with members of both allies and opponents in an attempt to restore peace to the troubled nation.

CAR will soon have an entirely new government, so it remains to be seen how gambling will be addressed. The new government will certainly have its hands full with more pressing matters in the meantime.


Comoros

Comoros is one of the most gambling-friendly African nations. Both land-based and online gambling are legal and regulated with operators able to apply for licenses to offer their services. The Betting and Gaming Act 2005 established the legal and regulator framework that currently governs betting of all types.

Comoros is attractive as a licensing jurisdiction due to the relative ease of getting a license. Operators from anywhere in the world may apply and do not have to establish their servers on Comoros. However, players should know that the government does not do much due-diligence when issuing licenses to online betting sites. If you’re considering playing at a betting site licensed in Comoros, please do your research on that company’s reputation among actual customers.


São Tomé and Príncipe

São Tomé and Príncipe legalized gambling in 2005 with an act that made it possible for potential operators to apply for licenses and offer casino games in the real world. The Pestana São Tomé currently serves as the only licensed casino in the country. The 5-star hotel includes 115 rooms complete with ocean views and a casino.

The gambling law does not regulate online betting, but neither does it prohibit the activity. If you find yourself in São Tomé and Príncipe and can’t make it to the Pestana hotel, you will have no problem finding an offshore betting site that would be happy to take your business.